Information on Foundations Courses


Planning Course (3 days, prerequisite for Techniques course) 

Learning Objectives

At the end of this three-day course, participants will:

  • Define public participation and explain the rationale behind it
  • Explain the three foundations of effective public participation
  • List the five steps in the planning process
  • Discuss how to plan p2 objectives that can be integrated into an agency’s decision-making process
  • Explain how communication objectives support effective public participation
  • Choose from various p2 techniques to support accomplishment of p2 objectives.


Course Overview

  • What is Public Participation?
  • Who is the Public?
    • The Orbits of Public Participation
    • Hard-to-Reach Stakeholders and Striving for Inclusive Participation
  • IAP2’s Foundations of Public Participation
    • Foundation 1: Values-Based What are Values? and why are they important in P2?
      —IAP2’s Core Values for the Practice of Public Participation
      —IAP2's Code of Ethics
    • Foundation 2: Decision-Oriented
    • Foundation 3: Goal-Driven
      —IAP2s Public Participation Spectrum

  • IAP2’s Five Steps for Public Participation Planning
    • Planning Step 1: Gain Internal Commitment -- the decision maker; organization; and preliminary decision description, stakeholder list, spectrum level
    • Planning Step 2: Learn from the Public
    • Planning Step 3: Select the Level of Participation
    • Planning Step 4: Define the Decision Process and Identify the Public Participation and Communication Objectives
    • Planning Step 5: Write the P2 plan including selecting techniques, assessing needed and available resources and planning for evaluation
  • Digging Deeper
    • Public Participation Planning and Effective Communication
    • Learning Styles and Public Participation
    • Helping People Move from Positions to Interests
    • Engaging Indigenous, Marginalized and Other Excluded Groups or Missing Voices
    • Dealing with Emotions—Outrage, Fear and Anger—in Public Settings and the Importance of Empathy and Building Relationships
    • Closing the Loop with Stakeholders
    • Attitude is Everything
  • Wrap up & Closure


Techniques (2 days)

Learning Objectives

At the end of this two-day course, participants will:

  • Understand key characteristics of a wide variety of traditional and emerging techniques and technologies
  • Assess and select techniques to meet identified public participation objectives
  • Modify and combine techniques to meet various objectives and circumstances
  • Determine the skills and resources needed to use different techniques effectively
  • Evaluate their use of varying public participation techniques




Copyright ©2010-2017 IAP2 USA. All rights reserved.